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What are probiotics?

Probiotics are "live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host."[1] In practice, it means that a killed bacteria cannot be considered a probiotic and, additionally, that a health benefit must be demonstrated in clinical trials. Saccharomyces boulardii can be considered a true probiotic as it is a live yeast whose efficacy has been demonstrated in more than 50 clinical and pharmacological trials.

1. FAO-WHO Guidelines for the Evaluation of Probiotics in Food 2002 Package Insert